He was right. [10], The audience jeered at times during the premiere, directing some of their scorn at the casting of soprano Fanny Salvini-Donatelli in the lead role of Violetta. Violetta has fallen in love with Alfredo and she has completely abandoned her former life. Three months later, Alfredo and Violetta are living together in a peaceful country house outside Paris. First Barcelona performance: 25/10/1855 at the Gran Teatre del Liceu. The taut plot and vivid characters paired with Verdis perfectly attuned music tend to result in few dry eyes by t… Francesco Maria Piave was engaged to write the new libretto and the two men tried to come up with a suitable subject, but the composer complained that his librettist "had not yet offered him an 'original' or 'provocative' idea". It is based on La Dame aux camélias (1852), a play adapted from the 1848 novel by Alexandre Dumas fils. Piave and Verdi wanted to follow Dumas in giving the opera a contemporary setting, but the authorities at La Fenice insisted that it be set in the past, "c. 1700". Opera Insights Enhance your La Traviata knowledge with a pre-curtain lecture one hour before each performance in Music Hall's Corbett Tower.Evans Mirageas, The Harry T. Wilks Artistic Director, provides overviews and insights into the opera's history, music, and production. Online premiere: Friday 8 May 2020 at 7pm BST, broadcast free online as part of the Royal Opera House's #OurHouseToYourHouse series. Victime d'une distribution défaillante, l'œuvre s'est heurtée, lors de sa création, à l'incompréhension du public, dérouté par un drame romantique au caractère intimiste, privé de la distance héroïque traditionnelle et servi par un réalisme musical inaccoutumé. Annina rushes in the room to tell Violetta of Alfredo's arrival. However, Alfredo's father, Giorgio, starts to interfere, concerned that Violetta's bad reputation will affect the marriage prospects of Alfredo's sister. Last Liceu performance: 18/07/2015. Opera companies would not comply, insisting on setting the story in the early 18th century. When La traviata premiered, audience members openly mocked the idea that she could possibly be a desirable courtesan, let alone one wasting away from tuberculosis. Meanwhile, he reluctantly becomes impressed by Violetta's nobility, something which he did not expect from a courtesan. Unlike Il Trovatore, which was composed simultaneously, La Traviata is an intimate piece, full of tender lyricism. De Van, Gilles (trans. The opera features some of the most challenging and revered music in the entire soprano repertoire; the aria “Sempre libera” at the end of Act I is especially well known. It was first performed in England on 24 May 1856 in Italian at Her Majesty's Theatre in London,[15] where it was considered morally questionable, and "the heads of the Church did their best to put an injunction upon performance; the Queen refrained from visiting the theatre during the performances, though the music, words and all, were not unheard at the palace". La Traviata Opera (3) 2h 1min 2019 7+ Giving up her life of parties and wealthy lovers, a Parisian courtesan decides to settle down with her young admirer. Storyline Violetta meets Alfredo and quickly falls for him. The composer had already read the novel and had begun to conceive of an opera based on the story. Suddenly, she almost faints and everyone jumps in to help, but she asks them to go away. In grief, she makes that admission and, furiously, Alfredo calls the guests to witness what he has to say (Questa donna conoscete? La Traviata’s sumptuous melodies and timeless depiction of doomed love have made the work a favorite of generations of operagoers. 4° Troubled beginnings and enduring success Verdi engaged Francesco Maria Piave to write the new libretto and sent the synopsis to Teatro La Fenice in Venice under the provisional title Amore e morte . A number of young men arrive in the wake of Flora, another courtesan, and Flora’s lover, the Marquis d’Obigny. Further information available here.. Venue: Fleet Steps, Mrs Macquarie's Point. Nancy & Beth - Nancy And Beth [New Vinyl LP] … Left alone, Violetta wonders if she could ever truly be in love and if it was Alfredo who awakened that unaccustomed feeling in her (“Ah, fors’è lui”). Alfredo comes up behind her to ask if she is feeling better. La traviata (título original en italiano, que en español podría traducirse como La descarriada) es una ópera en tres actos con música de Giuseppe Verdi y libreto en italiano de Francesco Maria Piave, basado en la novela de Alexandre Dumas (hijo) La dame aux camélias (1852), aunque no directamente sino a través de una adaptación teatral. She serves on the music faculty of Metropolitan State University of Denver and gives pre-performance talks for Opera Colorado and the Colorado Symphony... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. But his provincial family is determined to break up the scandalous affair. Over the years many versions were created, varying from theater to theater depending on the instruments available, but none of them is authoritative. Dumas, in his novel of 1848 and the play based on it, recalls an actual “lady of pleasure” (the scandalous Marie Duplessis) whom he had known and adored. It was first performed on 6 March 1853 at La Fenice opera house in Venice. Alone once more, Violetta makes Alfredo promise not to speak of love again. – "Who erased the sea, the land of Provence from your heart?"). Verdi based La traviata on Alexandre Dumas fils's novel and play La Dame aux camélias, inspired by the life and death of the real Parisian courtesan Marie Duplessis.Verdi offered a more complex and sympathetic portrayal of his heroine than Dumas, … But she can offer him only friendship and urges him to forget her (duet: “Un dì felice”). One subject was chosen, Piave set to work, and then Verdi threw in another idea, which may have been La traviata. He is about to leave when she gives him a flower, telling him to return it when it has wilted, which will be the very next day. Verdi La Traviata Highlights The Rome Opera House Orchestra Vinyl Album LP 35822. As Budden notes, it came to be Venice "that made an honest woman of Violetta"[13] when Verdi allowed a performance at the Teatro San Benedetto. Draw your own conclusions!" Giuseppe Verdi's opera "La Traviata," tells the story of courtesan Violetta Valery ("traviata" translates to "fallen woman), who finds love and gives up her free-wheeling lifestyle, only to have her past come back to haunt her. A subject for our own age. 2 doubling piccolo), 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 4 horns, 2 trumpets, 3 trombones, harp, cimbasso, timpani, cymbals, bass drum, triangle, strings. La traviata tells the story of the tragic love between the courtesan Violetta and the romantic Alfredo Germont. [24], The prelude to the opera begins with very soft, very high strings depicting the frail heroine, followed by the main love theme of the opera, which is then played on lower strings while the higher instruments decorate the melody. Gastone, meanwhile, urges the shy Alfredo to speak; Violetta pours him a glass of champagne as encouragement. He has informed Alfredo of the sacrifice she has made for him and his sister; and he is sending his son to see her as quickly as possible to ask for her forgiveness. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). World premiere: Teatro La Fenice 06/03/1853. – "You know this woman?"). Betsy Schwarm is a music historian based in Colorado. With growing remorse, she finally agrees (Violetta, Giorgio: Dite alla giovine, sì bella e pura, – "Tell the young girl, so beautiful and pure,") and says goodbye to Giorgio. Like Violetta in the opera, Duplessis had conquered Parisian society with her wit, charm, and beauty, but her reign was a brief one—she died of tuberculosis in 1847 at age 23. ("Ignoble insulter of women, go away from here, you fill us with horror!"). The opera uses an orchestra with the following instrumentation: 2 flutes (fl. Gastone drops in from the ballroom to see what is going on, and Violetta assures him there is nothing. Scene 1: Violetta's country house outside Paris. The story feels immediate, and the melodies are beautiful. Alfredo sings of their happy life together (Alfredo: De' miei bollenti spiriti / Il giovanile ardore – "The youthful ardor of my ebullient spirits"). The next day, Verdi wrote to his friend Emanuele Muzio in what has now become perhaps his most famous letter: "La traviata last night a failure. The Baron explains that he has known her only a year, but she retorts that Alfredo has known her only a few minutes. The opera was originally titled Violetta, after the main character. Flora tells the annoyed Baron that it would have been better for him to have kept silent. After the guests leave, Violetta wonders if Alfredo could actually be the one in her life (Violetta: È strano! Now Violetta laughs at him, and he chides her for being heartless. But she concludes that she needs freedom to live her life (Violetta, Alfredo: Sempre libera – "Always free"). [25], The lengthy and crucial duet between the elder Germont and Violetta in act 2 is multi-sectioned with the music following the changing dramatic situation. The heroine is a fallen woman who earns redemption through sacrifice—a notion that was somewhat risqué at the time—although not forbidden by censors. She has not previously considered herself capable of true love, but she falls in love with Alfredo, who has long loved her from afar. She can barely control her sadness and tears; she tells him repeatedly of her unconditional love (Violetta: Amami, Alfredo, amami quant'io t'amo – "Love me, Alfredo, love me as I love you"). "[12], Coincidentally, as Philips-Matz points out, an Italian translation of the play La Dame aux camélias was being presented just a short distance from La Fenice. Here, Gaston, Viscount of Letorières, introduces a new admirer to her, Alfredo Germont. As they bet, Alfredo wins some large sums until Flora announces that supper is ready. Violetta invites everyone to go to the ballroom for dancing but is stricken with dizziness. In search of his son, Giorgio enters the hall and, knowing the real significance of the scene, denounces his son's behavior (Giorgio, Alfredo, Violetta, chorus: Di sprezzo degno sè stesso rende chi pur nell'ira la donna offende. Based upon the 1852 play by Alexandre Dumas fils (La Dame aux camélias), the opera marked a large step forward for Verdi in his quest to express dramatic ideas in music. Nevertheless, the first act was met with applause and cheering at the end; but in the second act, the audience began to turn against the performance, especially after the singing of the baritone Felice Varesi and the tenor Lodovico Graziani. Giorgio tries to stop Alfredo, but he rushes out. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Mais, reconnue à sa juste valeur dès les représentations suivantes, La traviata est devenue au XXe siècle l'une des œuvres les plus jouées dans les opéras de par le mon… Passion that knows no boundaries. He toasts in her honor before the whole crowd. In a gesture of gratitude for her kindness and sacrifice, Giorgio kisses her forehead before leaving her weeping alone. Free shipping . Verdi attended the play in 1852 in Paris, where he was spending the winter. ... Ah, fors' è lui – "Ah, perhaps he is the one"). She calls for the entertainers to perform for the guests (Chorus: Noi siamo zingarelle venute da lontano – "We are gypsy girls who have come from afar"; Di Madride noi siam mattadori – "We are matadors from Madrid"). In February the couple attended a performance of Alexander Dumas fils's The Lady of the Camellias. The love tragedy at the heart of the opera and its exploration of elements of contemporary life came to form the basis of the work’s success. "[19], The opera was first performed in France on 6 December 1856 in Italian by the Théâtre-Italien at the Salle Ventadour in Paris,[15] and on 27 October 1864 in French as Violetta (an adaptation by Édouard Duprez, older brother of the tenor Gilbert Duprez) at the Théâtre Lyrique on the Place du Châtelet with Christina Nilsson in the title role. The production by Sir David McVicar will star Kristina Mkhitaryan in the role of Violetta alongside Dimitry Korchak as Alfredo Germont and Giovanni Meoni as Giorgio Germont. More than other Italian opera composers of the time, Verdi unified the music and underscored the drama through the use of techniques such as repeated phrases (Violetta’s “Ah, fors’è lui” echoes Alfredo’s declaration of love and continues as a love theme), instrumentation (high violins underscore Violetta’s character from the overture onward), coloratura ornamentation that reflects Violetta’s agitation (thus justifying what otherwise can seem empty virtuosity), and musical continuity (through blurring the line between recitative and aria). Alfredo's father enters with the doctor, regretting what he has done. A widespread version is: 1 piccolo, 4 clarinets, 2 horns, flugelhorn, 3 trumpets, at least 2 trombones, low brasses (number unspecified), bass drum. Soon, the servant brings the letter to Alfredo and, as soon as he has read it, Giorgio returns and attempts to comfort his son, reminding him of his family in Provence (Giorgio: Di Provenza il mar, il suol chi dal cor ti cancellò? She tells him that she is, but he replies that she must take better care of herself; he says that if she were his, he would always watch over her. Published by Nadia Kovarskaya. Adapted from Alexandre Dumas’ “La dame aux Camélias”, Verdi’s La Traviata is one of the composer’s best-loved operas. In addition, personal affairs in his home town limited his activities that spring, but after Rigoletto's success in Venice, an additional commission was offered by Brenna, the secretary of La Fenice. The 2019/20 season kicks off in September with a new production of "La … reported Piave (who had overseen the production in Verdi's absence). shipping: + $3.99 shipping . Following the larger-scale dramas of Rigoletto and Il Trovatore, its intimate scope and subject matter inspired the composer to create some of his most profound and heartfelt music. “Sempre libera” (“Always free ”) is a duet from Giuseppe Verdi's opera La traviata.In mid-19 th-century Paris, Violetta Valéry is a courtesan of fragile health.At one of her parties, she encounters young Alfredo Germont. The scale is intimate and bourgeois, not heroic or noble. Verdi’s La Traviata survived a notoriously unsuccessful opening night to become one of the best-loved operas in the repertoire. As the months dragged on into October, it was agreed that Piave would come to Sant'Agata and work with the composer. Unfortunately, she was 38 years old and overweight. Violetta, a Parisian demimondaine, is hosting a party. Some revisions took place between 1853 and May 1854, mostly affecting acts 2 and 3, but the opera was performed again on 6 May 1854 and was a great success, largely due to Maria Spezia-Aldighieri's portrayal of Violetta. Played out against the hypocrisy of upper-class fashionable society, Alfredo and Violetta’s love threatens to shame his family. But it is too late: she knows her time is up (Alfredo, Violetta: Gran Dio!...morir sì giovane – "Great God!...to die so young"). At first, she rejects him because his love means nothing to her, but there is something about Alfredo that touches her heart. Violetta greets many friends including Gastone, who introduces her to Alfredo Germont. Baron Douphol, Violetta's current lover, waits nearby to escort her to the salon; once there, the Baron is asked to give a toast, but refuses, and the crowd turns to Alfredo, who agrees to sing a brindisi – a drinking song (Alfredo, Violetta, chorus: Libiamo ne' lieti calici – "Let's drink from the joyful cups"). San Francisco Opera presents Verdi's La Traviata. They say their goodbyes just as the guests come crowding into the salon to make their own farewells. [14], The opera (in the revised version) was first performed in Madrid on 1 February 1855 with Maria Spezia-Aldighieri at Teatro Real, in Vienna on 4 May 1855 in Italian and in Barcelona on 25 October at Gran Teatre del Liceu. At a party she is introduced to Alfredo Germont, who has been fascinated by her for a long time. As everyone is leaving the room, Violetta has asked Alfredo to see her. [17] George Templeton Strong noted in his diary: "People say the plot's immoral, but I don't see that it's so much worse than many others, not to speak of Don Giovanni, which as put on the stage is little but rampant lechery",[18] while the Evening Post critic wrote: "Those who have quietly sat through the glaring improprieties of Don Giovanni will hardly blush or frown at anything in La traviata. When she brushes this off, saying that no one takes care of her, he answers that no one loves her but he. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. La traviata gives us one of opera’s most glorious heroines, a woman of boundless humanity and emotional depth. [16] It was first performed in the United States by the Max Maretzek Italian Opera Company on 3 December 1856 in Italian at the Academy of Music in New York. Rumor has it that he has been enquiring after her health every day. [10], When back at Sant'Agata in late January 1853 Verdi was reminded that his contract called for him to be in Venice within a week or two and for the premiere to be held on the "first Saturday in March 1853".